Edited by Aaditya Mattoo, Antonia Carzaniga
The WTO is today dealing with an issue that lies at the interface of
two major challenges the world faces, trade liberalization and
international migration. Greater freedom for the "temporary
movement of individual service suppliers" is being negotiated
under the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS). Conditions in
many developed economies—ranging from aging populations to
shortages of skilled labor—suggest that this may be a propitious
time to put labor mobility squarely on the negotiating agenda. Yet
there is limited awareness of how the GATS mechanism can be used to
foster liberalization in this area of services trade. At the same time
there is great concern, about the possible social disruption in host
countries and brain drain from poor countries.
As a first step in improving our understanding of the implications
of such liberalization, this volume brings together contributions from
service providers, regulators, researchers and trade negotiators. They
provide different perspectives on one central question: how is such
liberalization best accomplished, in a way that benefits both home and
host countries? The result, combining insights from economics, law and
politics, is bound to be a vital input into the WTO services
negotiations as well as the broader debate on the subject.
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