Farm structures in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) today cover a
whole spectrum of forms, which include small subsistence-oriented
household plots, medium-sized commercial family farms, and large
corporations. The agricultural sector in CEE definitely has not
embraced the family farm as the dominant farming structure, thus
confounding the original expectations of Western experts. On the other
hand, agriculture did not collapse because of fragmentation and
privatization, as predicted by conservative doomsayers.
To address the concerns of the farming sector in CEE with relation
to EU accession, a workshop was held in Warsaw, Poland in June 1999.
This volume represents a selection of papers presented at this
workshop. It examines the reforms and policy changes necessary in the
food and agriculture sectors of the ten countries that have started the
accession process for eventual membership in the European Union
(Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland,
Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia). The papers are organized around the
following three topics:
- Evolving farm structures and competitiveness in agriculture;
- Land laws and legal institutions for development of land markets
and farm restructuring; and
- Development of farm services for improved competitiveness.
This volume will be of interest to agricultural policy makers and
government officials in the candidate countries, EU officials, World
Bank and FAO staff, development scholars, and all others interested in
the process of agricultural reform in CEE.
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