by: World Bank
Many developing countries face daunting water resources challenges
as the needs for water supply, irrigation, and hydroelectricity grow;
as water becomes more scarce, quality declines, and environmental and
social concerns increase; and as the threats posed by goods and
droughts are exacerbated by climate change. As a consequence, there is
a high and increasing demand for World Bank engagement. Lending for
water resources and development accounted for about 16 percent of all
World Bank lending over the past decade.
Within the World Bank, business strategies for specific water-using
sectors, such as water and sanitation, irrigation and drainage, and
hydropower, are determined primarily as part of the strategies for
these sectors. Water Resources Sector Strategy: Strategic Directions
for World Bank Engagement focuses on how to improve the development
and management of water resources while providing the principles that
link resource management to the specific water-using sectors.
The Strategy emphasizes the difficult and contentious issues
upon which World Bank practice needs to improve and suggests that the
main management challenge is not a vision of integrated water resources
management but a pragmatic but principled approach.
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