As knowledge increasingly replaces raw materials and labor as a key
resource in economic development, the availability of human knowledge
and skills is critical in determining a country’s rate of
economic development and its competitiveness in international markets.
The growing use of national assessment capacity has enabled ministries
of education across the world to describe national levels of learning
achievement in key subject areas; compare achievement levels of key
subgroups, such as boys and girls, ethnic groups, urban and rural
students, and public and private school students; and provide evidence
to support claims about standards of student achievement.
Despite growth in assessment activity, the potential value of the
data that assessments can provide remains underappreciated. The
requisite skills to conduct assessments require development, and even
countries that carry out national assessments or participate in
international ones may not yet be able to fully exploit the information
Assessing National Achievement Levels in Education describes
the purposes and features of national assessments, as well as issues in
designing, implementing, analyzing, and reporting. It also describes
major international, regional, and national assessments in a range of
This book will be of interest to national, regional, and state
governments; research institutions; and universities.
National Assessments of Educational Achievement
Effective assessment of the performance of educational systems is a
key component in developing policies to optimize the development of
human capital around the world. The five books in the 'National
Assessments of Educational Achievement' series introduce key
concepts in national assessments of student achievement levels, from
policy issues to address when designing and carrying out assessments
through test development, sampling, data cleaning, statistics, report
writing, and the use of results to improve educational quality.
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