Conditional cash transfer (CCT) programs are one of the most popular
interventions in the social sectors in developing countries. While the
details of program design vary, all of these programs transfer
resources to poor households conditional on them taking active measures
to build up the human capital of their children (enrolling their
children in school, taking them for regular health care visits). In
almost every instance, transfers are made to women. CCT programs have
two clear objectives. First, they seek to provide poor households with
a minimum consumption floor. Second, in making transfers conditional,
they seek to encourage the accumulation of human capital, and break a
vicious cycle whereby poverty is transmitted across generations.This
book provides an assessment, based on thorough research, of CCT
programs as an instrument of social policy. The report pays particular
attention to the following four themes:
- The conceptual basis to understanding CCT programs and their role
in social policy.
- The evidence of impacts on consumption poverty, education, health,
and nutrition outcomes.
- The evidence on the effects of alternative design features such as
choice of targeting methods, size of transfers and types of
- The role of CCTs and similar programs in the context of social
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