by: Martin Ravallion, Dominique van de Walle
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This book is a case study of Vietnam's efforts to fight poverty
using market-oriented land reforms. In the 1980s and 1990s, the country
undertook major institutional reforms, and an impressive reduction in
poverty followed. But what role did the reforms play? Did the
efficiency gains from reform come at a cost to equity? Were there both
winners and losers? Was rising rural landlessness in the wake of
reforms a sign of success or failure?
Land in Transition investigates the impacts on living
standards of the two stages of land law reform: in 1988, when land was
allocated to households administratively and output markets were
liberalized; and in 1993, when official land titles were introduced and
land transactions were permitted for the first time since communist
rule began. To fully assess the poverty impacts of these changes, the
authors' analysis of household surveys is guided by both economic
theory and knowledge of the historical and social contexts. The book
delineates lessons from Vietnam's experience and their implications
for current policy debates in China and elsewhere.
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