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Handbook on Poverty + Inequality

by: Jonathan Haughton, Shahidur R. Khandker
Price: $39.95   *Geographic discounts available!

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: World Bank Training Series
English; Paperback; 442 pages; 7.5x9.25
Published March 27, 2009 by World Bank
ISBN: 978-0-8213-7613-3; SKU: 17613


Handbook on Poverty + Inequality was originally designed to support training courses in poverty analysis and inequality. The Handbook begins with an explanatory text that includes numerous examples, multiple-choice questions to ensure active learning, and extensive practical exercises that use Stata statistical software. The Handbook will help researchers and evaluators in charge of preparing background materials for Poverty Reducation Strategy Papers (PRSPs) and those responsible for monitoring and evaluating poverty reduction programs and policies.

The World Bank Institute has used the Handbook in training workshops in countries from Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan, to Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand, to Malawi and Tanzania, as well as in university courses on poverty and in distance education courses with participants from Asian and African countries. The Handbook has also been used in an online asynchronous course with more than 200 participants worldwide. Using the feedback from these courses, the authors have created a clearly-written text that balances rigor with practicality.

The Handbook is designed to be accessible to people with a university-level background in science or the social sciences. It is an invaluable tool for policy analysts, researchers, college students, and government officials working on policy issues related to poverty and inequality.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. What Is Poverty and Why Measure It?
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: The Concepts of Well-Being and Poverty
Why Measure Poverty?
Thinking Systematically: Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

2. Measuring Poverty
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: Steps in Measuring Poverty
Household Surveys
Measuring Poverty: Choosing an Indicator of Welfare

3. Poverty Lines
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: Defining a Poverty Line
Issues in Choosing an Absolute Poverty Line
Solution A: Objective Poverty Lines
Solution B: Subjective Poverty Lines

4. Measures of Poverty
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Headcount Index
Poverty Gap Index
Squared Poverty Gap (Poverty Severity) Index
Sen Index
The Sen-Shorrocks-Thon Index
The Watts Index
Time Taken to Exit
Other Measures

5. Poverty Indexes: Checking for Robustness
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Sampling Error
Measurement Error
Equivalence Scales
Choice of Poverty Line and Poverty Measure
A Single Measure of Standard of Living

6. Inequality Measures
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: Definition of Inequality
Commonly Used Summary Measures of Inequality
Inequality Comparisons
Measuring Pro-Poor Growth
Decomposition of Income Inequality
Income Distribution Dynamics

7. Describing Poverty: Poverty Profiles
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: What Is a Country Poverty Profile?
Additive Poverty Measures
Profile Presentation
Poverty Comparisons over Time
Excerpts from Poverty Profiles for Indonesia and Cambodia
Poverty Mapping
Automating Poverty Profiles: The ADePT 2.0 Program

8. Understanding the Determinants of Poverty
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: What Causes Poverty?
Household and Individual-Level Characteristics
Analyzing the Determinants of Poverty: Regression Techniques

9. Poverty Reduction Policies
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Is Growth Good for the Poor?
Pro-Poor Growth
An Example: Tanzania

10. International Poverty Comparisons
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Overview of Poverty Analysis
International Poverty Comparisons
Survey Data and National Accounts
Debate 1: Is World Poverty Falling?
Debate 2: Is World Poverty Really Falling?
Conclusion

11. The Analysis of Poverty over Time
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: Sources of Information on Poverty over Time
Advantages of Panel Surveys
Drawbacks of Panel Surveys
Other Issues in Panel and Repeated Cross-Sectional Data
Chronic versus Transient Poverty
Case Study: The Asian Financial Crisis and Poverty in Indonesia
Poverty Transition Matrix, December 1998-August 1999

12. Vulnerability to Poverty
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: Why Measure Vulnerability?
Vulnerability to Poverty Defined
Quantifying Vulnerability to Poverty
Sources of Vulnerability
Lessons from Studies of Vulnerability to Poverty

13. Poverty Monitoring and Evaluation
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Poverty Monitoring
Impact Evaluation: Micro Projects
Impact Evaluation: Macro Projects

14. Using Regression
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction
The Vocabulary of Regression Analysis
Examining a Regression Example
Problems in Regression Analysis
Solving Estimation Problems
Logistic Regression

15. The Effects of Taxation and Spending on Inequality and Poverty
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction
Presenting Incidence Results
Tax Incidence
Benefit Incidence
Issues in Benefit Incidence Analysis
Conclusion

16. Using Survey Data: Some Cautionary Tales
Summary
Learning Objectives
Introduction: Interpreting Survey Data
Caution 1. Do the Sampling Right
Caution 2. Use a Consistent Recall Method
Caution 3. Use a Consistent Recall Period
Caution 4. Remember That Price Indexes Matter (a lot)
Caution 5. Use Consistent Questions
Caution 6. Adjust for Nonresponse Bias (if possible)
Caution 7. Define Expenditure Consistently
Caution 8. Value Own-Farm Income Properly
Caution 9. Distinguish between Values That Are Zero and Those That Are Missing
Caution 10. Use Expenditure per Capita, Not Expenditure per Household
Caution 11. Use Weights When They Are Needed


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